Live usb ubuntu


Делаем флешку с Live Ubuntu в Windows

Многим людям я советую использовать так называемые Live CD и Live USB с альтернативной операционной системой Ubuntu. Но как ни странно, хорошо написанного мануала по созданию загрузочной флешки с Ubuntu нет даже на самом вебсайте производителей. В принципе, при наличии средних знаний английского языка это не проблема, но вот с начальным уровнем такое простое действие, как создание загрузочной флешки с убунту станет просто кошмаром.

Почему я беру за основу именно флешку? Ответ довольно простой — у меня их три и под рукой почти никогда не бывает ни чистых CD, ни DVD, а вот флешка — пожалуйста! Второй причиной этого поста стала поломка винчестера на моем нетбуке, который без такой флешки — просто подставка для чашки чая на данный момент.

Данный мануал можно использовать не только для создания Ubuntu Live Flash, но также он сработает с другими дистрибутивами Linux, кроме очень специфических.

Создаем загрузочную флешку с Убунтой

1. Первое, что понадобится нам для установки — это дистрибутив системы. Его лучше скачать заранее, так как программа установки будет скачивать её много медленнее (видимо настроено на скачку с США, а не ближайшего сервера).

Иногда загрузка с помощью торрента быстрее, иногда медленнее — можете попробовать оба способа сразу и оставить тот, который лучше.

На этом этапе Вам необходимо потерпеть и загрузить образ ISO с убунтой на свой ПК. Важный аспект для создания загрузочной флешки с убунтой — это нельзя менять название образа ISO! Скорее всего это недосмотренный глюк в инсталляторе, но я Вам серьёзно говорю: «Инсталлятор не увидит образ ISO, если сменить название файла».

2. Шаг второй подразумевает закачку утилиты для создания самой загрузочной флешки. Скачать её можно у меня — Universal-USB-Installer-1.8.2.3, либо последнюю версию на сайте производителе. Устанавливать её не нужно, можно сказать, что это portable версия 🙂

3. Шаг третий. У Вас есть образ диска с Убунту и утилита, а также флешка с двумя гигабайтами памяти на борту.

Делаем следующее:

  • форматируем флешку (лучше Fat32, кластер по умолчанию, быстрое). Утилита также предоставляет форматирование, но у меня возникли трудности при загрузке с флешки, поэтому советую форматировать именно средствами Windows
  • запускаем утилиту, при этом важно, чтобы флешка уже была подключена к ПК, иначе не увидит её.
  • выбираем в ней указанный дистрибутив — имена должны совпадать, помните? (обычно это ubuntu №№…iso)
  • выбираем адрес флеш карты (если Вы вдруг 3 штуки присоединили) и нажимаем Create

Теперь остается лишь ожидание чуда завершения работы утилиты и флешка готова к использованию.

Загружаемся с USB Live Flash Stick

Теперь можно попробовать работу нашей новоиспеченной флешки в действии, но для этого нужно внести правки в биосе ПК, ноутбука или нетбука.

Обычно, в биос можно войти с помощью клавиш DEL или F2 во время загрузки ПК. Вам нужно найти пункт Boot или Boot Priority (могут быть сочетания со словом Setup) и поставить флешку первым загрузочным местом или ещё лучше — единственным.

Покажу на примере злосчастного нетбука:

Вот теперь загрузка с флешки станет возможна. При работе с версией Desktop Ubuntu следует выбирать режим Try Ubuntu. Для версии к нетбукам — система сама загрузится.

Что делать если с флешки не грузится Ubuntu?

Дополнительная информация предоставлена Артуром из СПБ, историю  можно лицезреть в комментариях. Были проблемы с установкой UbuntuStudio на нетбук.

Так вот, если флешка не определяется в качестве загрузочного устройства нужно «обмануть систему» и представить её в виде винчестера. Для этого нам потребуется другая специфическая утилита — RMprepUSB.

На скриншоте ниже показана пошаговая настройка утилиты:

Теперь подробнее:

  • Нам потребуется ISO файл-образ и флешка на 2 и более гигабайт памяти.
  • Скачиваем утилиту RMprepUSB (она обычно первая в списке Install_RMPrepUSB_2.1.628Full.zip, но номер может отличаться).
  • Устанавливаем утилиту на ПК и запускаем её.
  • Настраиваем параметры программы:
    • выбираем «Загрузочный сектор» — Syslinux
    • файловая система FAT32 + Boot as HDD (или USB-Zip)
    • отмечаем пункт «Скопировать системные файлы»
    • соглашаемся с распаковкой ISO и указываем путь к нашему дистрибутиву Ubuntu или что там у Вас.

По завершению заботы утилиты у Вас будет готовая загрузочная флешка, которая будет определяться в системе в виде жесткого диска.

Прежде всего — это уже целая система, которая позволит посмотреть, стереть или записать файлы на Ваш (или чужой) ПК. При этом знать пароль к Windows не обязательно (кроме системного диска). Скорость загрузки системы будет зависеть напрямую от параметров ПК и скорости флеш карты.

Также Ваш ПК сможет соединиться с интернет и  позволит работать онлайн без особых потерь в скорости. Wi-Fi при этом также работает и Вы сможете  отыскать мои статьи про вирусы блокеры, а также попробовать решить свои проблемы.

Кроме того, можно спасти свои файлы на системном диске, если виндовс приказал долго жить.

Также крайне рекомендую запомнить название этой программы — GParted. Если дистрибутив не для нетбуков, то она находится в пункте Administration, для версии Ubuntu Netbook Edition — в Applications.

С помощью этой программы можно отформатировать или переразбить диск или другую флешку.

Вот вобщем и всё, что хотелось написать по этому вопросу. Уточнения — в комменты!

voffa.ru

How to Create Ubuntu Live USB in Windows [Step-by-Step]

Brief: Tutorial to show you how to create a bootable USB of Ubuntu in Windows. Instructions are valid for all versions of Ubuntu and Windows.

The first step of installing Ubuntu is to create bootable USB of Ubuntu. If you are using Windows 7,8 or 10, you can use Universal USB Installer to easily create a live USB. It’s my favorite tool and is extremely easy to use.

Let’s see how to easily make a live USB of Ubuntu in Windows.

How to make Ubuntu bootable USB in Windows:

Step 1: Download Ubuntu ISO

Go to Ubuntu and download the ISO image of your preferred Ubuntu version. At present, there are two LTS version available, Ubuntu 14.04 and Ubuntu 16.04. You can download whichever you prefer.

It is always a good idea to perform a checksum on ISO file you downloaded from the internet.

Step 2: Download Universal USB Installer

Once you have downloaded the ISO of Ubuntu 16.04 or 14.04, go to this page and download the latest version of Universal USB Installer.

Download Universal USB Installer

Step 3: Creating the bootable USB

Plugin the USB drive in the computer and run Universal USB Installer. You need to do the following things now:

  • Select Ubuntu under step 1
  • Browse to the location of downloaded Ubuntu ISO in Step 2 section
  • In Step 3, select the USB drive and also check the option to format it.

It will present you with obvious warnings, click Yes.

Wait for sometime for the process to complete. You can push it to background, if you like.

That said, your Ubuntu USB should be created in few minutes.

Once the live USB is created, you can proceed with testing Ubuntu in live mode.What you need to do is restart your computer. At boot time, press F2 or F10 or F12 (depending upon your system) to access boot menu. Once there, choose to boot from USB or removable media. That’s it. You can use Ubuntu without installing here. You can also choose to install Ubuntu if you want.

I have shown the process of making a bootable Ubuntu Linux USB with Rufus tool in this video:

Subscribe to our YouTube Channel for More Linux Videos

I hope this tutorial helped you to easily create Ubuntu live USB in Windows.

Considering that you are just starting, I advise to follow this beginner’s guide to Ubuntu and learn how to use Ubuntu. Let me know if you need some help.

  • Facebook 92
  • Twitter 0
  • LinkedIn 6
  • Reddit 1
  • Pinterest 3

itsfoss.com

How to create a Ubuntu Live USB drive in Windows

Ubuntu is one of the most popular Linux distributions used worldwide. It is decently stable, quick, and can run on a system with just 2 GB RAM and 25 GB hard disk space.

If you want to test drive or install Ubuntu, you will need a Ubuntu Live DVD or a USB live drive. You can easily create a Ubuntu Live USB drive yourself on your Windows machine.

Ubuntu 17.10 desktop

Ubuntu Live USB drive lets you test drive Ubuntu without actually installing it on your computer. Hence, there will be no change in your system configuration or hard disk partitions.

After your test drive the Live environment, and when you feel Ubuntu can become a daily driver, you can use the same Live USB drive to install Ubuntu on your computer.

Creating Ubuntu Desktop Live USB Drive

STEP 1: Get an empty USB flash drive of at least 2 GB capacity. I don’t recommend more than 8 GB because not all PCs can boot through USB drives of more than 8 GB capacity.

STEP 2: Download Rufus utility for Windows. It is a free portable utility and so doesn’t need installation. You can execute the program right away.

Download Rufus

STEP 3: Download the latest version of Ubuntu Desktop from their website. Again, this is also 100% free operating system. The downloaded file will be in ISO format. The downloaded ISO should look something like this: ubuntu-16.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso. The version number may vary depending on when you are downloading.

STEP 4: Right-click on the downloaded Rufus program and click ‘Run as Administrator’.

STEP 5: Rufus Settings:

Rufus Settings

(#1) Click on the CD drive icon near the checkbox ‘Create a bootable disk using ISO Image’ and select the Ubuntu ISO file that you downloaded, for example, mine says ubuntu-16.04.1-desktop-amd64.iso.

(#2) In the same interface, click on the drop-down list under ‘Partition scheme and target system type’, select ‘MBR partition scheme for BIOS or UEFI’.

(#3) Next select file system as ‘FAT32’.

(#4) Finally, click ‘Start’.

STEP 6: Keep the ISO Image mode to write when prompted and click OK.

Rufus Prompt

STEP 7: Wait until Rufus writes the data to the USB flash drive.

That’s it. Your Ubuntu Desktop Live USB drive is ready! You can boot into it and test drive it. It also serves as an installation media just in case you decided to install it.

www.fosslinux.com

Creating an Ubuntu Live USB from CD

How to Create an Ubuntu Live USB Persistent Flash Drive from a running Live CD: In the following segment I show you how I used the Official Startup Disk Creator (created by the Ubuntu team) to put Ubuntu on a USB Flash Drive. Ubuntu's Casper Persistent feature can also be used for saving and restoring changes on subsequent boots. Ubuntu is a Linux distribution created by Canonical Ltd

Distribution Home Page: Ubuntu

Minimum Flash Drive Capacity: 1GB

Persistent Feature: Yes

Ubuntu USB Flash Drive creation via CD essentials

  • Working CD Drive and an Ubuntu Live CD
  • 1GB or larger USB flash drive (I recommend a 4GB if using persistence)

Installing Ubuntu to a Flash Drive via Startup Disk Creator:

Note: Back up ALL data from your Flash Drive before proceeding!

  1. Insert your Ubuntu CD and restart your computer, booting from the Live CD
  2. Insert a 1GB or larger USB flash drive
  3. Navigate to System > Administration > Startup Disk Creator:
  4. Next, (1) Select your Flash Drive from Disk to use (2) Choose to Erase Disk (Make sure you have backed up any important data first)
  5. Now, (1) Select the partition related to your Flash Drive, (2) For Persistence, select the option Stored in reserved extra space and adjust the slider to desired capacity (4) Click the Make Startup Disk button:
  6. A bar appears to indicate the progress of the install. Once the installation is complete, remove the CD, restart your computer and set your Boot Menu or System BIOS to boot from your USB device.

You should now be booting from your Ubuntu Startup Disk

Creating an Ubuntu Live USB from CD published under Flash drive installs using Live CD 

www.pendrivelinux.com

How to Create a Live Ubuntu USB Drive With Persistent Storage

A Linux live USB drive is normally a blank slate each time you boot it. You can boot it up, install programs, save files, and change settings. But, as soon as you reboot, all your changes are wiped away and you’re back to a fresh system. This can be useful, but if you want a system that picks up where you left off, you can create a live USB with persistent storage.

How Persistent Storage Works

When you create a USB drive with persistence, you’ll allocate up to 4 GB of the USB drive for a persistent overlay file. Any changes you make to the system—for example, saving a file to your desktop, changing the settings in an application, or installing a program—will be stored in the overlay file. Whenever you boot the USB drive on any computer, your files, settings, and installed programs will be there.

This is an ideal feature if you want to keep a live Linux system on a USB drive and use on different PCs. You won’t have to set up your system up from scratch each time you boot. You don’t need persistence if you’re just using a USB drive to install Ubuntu and then running it from your hard drive afterward.

There are a few limitations. You can’t modify system files, like the kernel. You can’t perform major system upgrades. You also can’t install hardware drivers. However, you can install most applications. You can even update most installed applications, so you can be sure your persistent USB drive has the latest version of the web browser you prefer.

Persistence doesn’t work with every Linux distribution. We’ve tested it with the latest versions of Ubuntu—Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Ubuntu 19.04—and it works. It should also work with Ubuntu-based Linux distributions. In the past, we had luck with Fedora as well. Just download the appropriate ISO file and follow the instructions below.

How to Make a Persistent Ubuntu USB Drive on Ubuntu

You’ll need a computer already running Ubuntu to perform this process. You’ll also need a USB drive with enough storage capacity to set up persistence. We used a 16 GB drive, but an 8 GB drive would have worked as well. The bigger the drive, the more persistent storage you can have.

The grub, boot and Ubuntu partitions take up less than 2 GB. The remainder of the space on the USB drive will be used for the casper-rw and the usbdata partitions.

The casper-rw partition is used for persistent storage. For example, software you install and settings files will be stored here.

The usbdata partition will be formatted with the NTFS file system. It will be accessible to Linux, Windows, and macOS. This partition is also available from within the live Ubuntu on the USB drive. This means any files copied to the usbdata partition from another computer will be accessible to your live Ubuntu.

In other words, the usbdata partition acts as a “shared folder” between your live Ubuntu and any other computer you plug your USB drive into. That’s pretty cool.

The below screenshot shows how the resulting partitions looked on our 16 GB drive.

Although a 16 GB USB drive was used for researching this article, an 8 GB drive would work just as well. It would simply have less storage.

First, you’ll have to download the Ubuntu ISO file you want to place on the USB drive.

Second, the tool you’re going to use is called mkusb. It is not part of the standard Ubuntu installation. You will need to install it. To do so, enter the following three commands. The first command adds the mkusb repository so that Ubuntu knows where to install mkusb from.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mkusb/ppa

The next command forces Ubuntu to refresh its package lists for the registered repositories.

sudo apt-get update

We can now proceed to install the mkusb package, with this command:

sudo apt install --install-recommends mkusb mkusb-nox usb-pack-efi

The mkusb program does a terrific job of identifying USB drives. That’s great, but there’s nothing like knowing for yourself. When mkusb tells you it is going to completely wipe a particular drive, you can be sure it’s the USB drive you are planning on using and not another device on your system.

In a terminal window, type the following command. The lsblk command lists the block devices on your computer. Each drive has a block device associated with it.

lsblk

The output from lsblk will show the drives currently connected to your computer. There is one internal hard drive on this machine called sda and there is one partition on it called sda1.

Plug in your USB drive and use the lsblk command once more. The output from lsblk will have changed. The USB drive will now be listed in the output.

There is a new entry called sdb in the list. It has one partition called sdb1. That’s the USB drive.

If you have more than one drive in your computer already, the name of your USB drive will be different. Regardless of how it is named, the device that was not in the previous lsblk listing must be the USB drive.

Once you know which device your USB drive is, you can launch mkusb. Press the Super (Windows) key and type “mkusb”. The mkusb icon will appear. Click the icon or press Enter.

A dialog will ask you whether you wish to run the dus (Do USB Stuff) version of mkusb. Click the “Yes” button.

A terminal window with a black background will appear and a dialog box will prompt you for your password. Enter your password and click the “OK” button.

Warning: This process will wipe the contents of the USB drive!

Click “OK” in the warning dialog to acknowledge you understand this.

Click the “Install (make a boot device)” entry in the list and click the “OK” button.

Select the “‘Persistent live’ – only Debian and Ubuntu” entry in the list and click the “OK” button.

A file browser dialog will appear. Browse to the Ubuntu ISO file you downloaded, select it, and click the green “OK” button.

In the screenshot below, we’re selecting the Ubuntu 19.04 ISO image from the Downloads folder.

You’ll see a list of the USB drives connected to your computer. This allows you to select the appropriate USB drive.

There was only one USB drive connected to the test machine used for this article. As we confirmed above, it is called sdb. We’ve confirmed that’s the USB drive we want to use so we can proceed with confidence. Click the “OK” button.

When the dialog shown below appears, select the “usb-pack-efi (default grub from ISO file)” entry in the list and click the “OK” button.

You have one more option to choose. You can select what percentage of the storage space is for persistent storage in the casper-rw partition. The remainder will be used for the usbdata partition, which has the NTFS file system and can also be accessed from Windows PCs and Macs.

If you’re happy to have the available space on the USB drive shared equally between these two partitions, leave the slider at its default value and click the “OK” button.

Now, we just have to tell mkusb that we’re happy with all of our choices and that it should proceed.

To be clear, this is the last point at which you can back out. If you’re certain you wish to proceed, select the “Go” radio button and click the “Go” button.

A progress bar shows you how close the creation process is to completion.

The final stage of the creation is to flush the file system buffers to the USB drive. You are also advised to wait until you see the phrase “Work done”. That will indicate the process has completed.

When the process has completed you will see a dialog with the phrase “Work done” highlighted in green. Click the “OK” button. If any other dialogs appear, close them by clicking on the “Quit” button.

A few more lines of output will scroll through the terminal window. You will be prompted to press “Enter” when you are ready.

When you press “Enter,” the terminal window will close. You can now either reboot your computer and boot from the USB drive or unplug the USB drive, take it to another computer, and boot it there.

RELATED: How to Boot Your Computer From a Disc or USB Drive

How to Make a Persistent Ubuntu USB Drive on Windows

Update: We’ve been told the below method (using Linux Live USB Creator) no longer works with the latest versions of Ubuntu. You’ll need to use the above method instead.

You’ll need a large enough USB drive to set up persistence. Ubuntu itself claims it needs 2 GB of storage on the USB drive, and you’ll also need extra space for the persistent storage. So, if you have a 4 GB USB drive, you can only have 2 GB of persistent storage. To have the maximum amount of persistent storage, you’ll need a USB drive of at least 6 GB in size.

Unfortunately, the Rufus tool that Ubuntu officially recommends for creating live Ubuntu USB drives on Windows doesn’t offer support for creating systems with persistent storage. While we recommend using Rufus to create most Ubuntu live USB drives, we’ll have to use a different tool for this particular job.

Download the Ubuntu ISO file you want to place on the USB drive and the Linux Live USB Creator application.

Insert the USB drive you want to use into your computer’s USB port and launch the “LiLi USB Creator” application you just installed.

Select the USB drive you want to use in the “Step 1: Choose Your Key” box.

Provide your downloaded Ubuntu ISO file. Click the “ISO / IMG / ZIP” button under “Step 2: Choose a Source”, browse to the .ISO file on your computer, and double-click it.

Use the options in the “Step 3: Persistence” section to select how much space you want to use for persistent storage on the USB drive. Drag the slider all the way to the right to select the maximum amount of storage.

You’ve now configured all the settings you need to configure. To create your live USB drive with persistent storage, click the lightning icon under “Step 5: Create”.

Give the tool some time to create the drive. When the process is done, you’ll see a “Your LinuxLive key is now up and ready!” message. You can now either reboot your computer and boot from the USB drive or unplug the USB drive, take it to another computer, and boot it there.

To confirm that persistent storage is working properly, boot the USB drive and create a folder on the desktop, or save a file to the desktop. Then, shut down your system and boot the live USB drive again. You should see the folder or file you placed on the desktop.

www.howtogeek.com

How to Create Bootable Live USB Drive in Ubuntu 18.04/18.10

To do a fresh Ubuntu install, I’m always first burning the ISO image into USB drive, and then boot up with the USB drive and install Ubuntu into hard disk.

I used to use Unetbootin to create the startup USB drive. However, it has been dropped from Ubuntu repositories since Ubuntu 18.04 LTS. And Unetbootin .bin package is not well burning the ISO image in my case.

In this quick tutorial, I’m going to tell you that the default Gnome USB Creator can do the job easier and more straightforward:

1. First download Ubuntu iso from releases.ubuntu.com, and plug-in your USB drive.

2. Search for and launch usb creator (Start Disk Creator) in application menu:

3. When it opens, click the Other button and choose the downloaded ISO image.

Finally click the Make Startup Disk button to start burning the ISO into selected USB drive.

That’s it! When everything’s done, boot the USB drive in your machine and try or install Ubuntu.

ubuntuhandbook.org


Смотрите также